Category: Creative Zone Modes

Creative Zone shooting modes

By , May 4, 2010 12:34 pm

Program mode

The camera selects both the shutter speed and aperture. You choose ISO and white balance. This is a semiautomatic but shiftable mode. When you press your Shutter button halfway, the camera shows you its ideal exposure setting in the viewfinder. You have to remember that this is held for only one shot as it goes right back to the suggested exposure. Another thing is that you cannot shift the exposure if you are using the built-in flash. Use this mode when you want to quickly change the depth of field and shutter speed for one shot while experiencing minimum camera adjustments.

Tv mode (Shutter Priority)

In addition to ISO and WB you select shutter speed and the camera chooses the appropriate aperture. This mode is used when you want to control how motion comes across. A slower shutter speed will show motion as a blur. A faster shutter speed will freeze motion. This mode is also helpful when you want to make sure that the shutter speed is within the limits for handholding the camera and getting a sharp image.

Tips  that I want to remember: (credit to Charlotte K. Lowrie’s book “Canon EOS Rebel T1i/500D)

  • Use 1/250 second when action is coming toward the camera.
  • Use 1/500 to 1/2000 second when action is moving side to side or up and down.
  • Use 1/30 to 1/8 second when panning with the subject motion. Panning with the camera on a tripod is a really good idea.
  • Use 1 second and slower shutter speeds at dusk and at night to show a waterfall as a silky blur, to caputer light trails of moving vehicles, to capture a city skyline, and so on.

Av Mode (Aperture Priority)

You set ISO and WB as well as aperture (f-stop). The camera chooses the shutter speed. You use this mode when you need to control the depth of field (DOF). A larger aperture (smaller number) will give you a shallow DOF and is good for isolating points of interest like flowers/portraits. A wide aperture like f/5.6 will create a shallow depth of filed with a softly blurred background.  A smaller aperture (higher number) gives a greater DOF and is good for landscape photography. A narrow aperture such as f/8, f/11, f/16, and so on, gives an extensive depth of field that will keep both foreground and background in focus and sharper.

Tips I want to remember for Av: (credit to Charlotte K. Lowrie’s book “Canon EOS Rebel T1i/500D)

  • Since the only lense I have at this point is the Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS lens) , this  tip is specific to it. When you have the lens set to 55mm, the widest aperture you can choose is f/5.6, and you can’t choose f/3.5 at this zoom setting. This is called a variable-aperture lens.

M mode (Manual)

This mode allows the most creative control. First you determine the ISO and WB settings. Then, based on a meter reading, you set aperture and shutter speed in order to get the scene as you desire. You have to think about how motion and DOF will come across.

Initial learning about custom settings

By , January 8, 2010 5:56 pm

First, you have to select a shooting mode and the basic zone modes seem appealing as they do the settings for you.  However, they override many other possible custom settings on the camera. These custom settings are what can make the difference from an OK picture to a great picture.  Most of the advice seems to suggest beginners  learn how to adjust the functions of the camera that will give  the most control over our pictures. That means using the Creative Zone Modes. These modes  give the most  control over the camera settings. It makes you think about how you want your pictures to look and what effects you want to get with your pictures. So that’s where I first concentrated my efforts.

Now that being said, I find myself in a land of vocabulary that is new and overwhelming . Words like  shutter priority, aperture, ISO, white balance, metering mode, exposure compensation, are whirling around in my head and  just beginning to be a part of my new vocabulary. These new words are not yet second nature by any stretch.

I started by just jumping in and taking pictures. I figured I could learn by trial and error and getting lots of practice.  First, I just  went with the settings recommended for routine outdoor shooting given on one of the DVDs from the Magic Lantern Guides.  I’ve been taking lots of pictures and while I am getting lots of practice many of my photos are blurry, out of focus, and not sharp. The color also seems lacking. Many of them have a blue tint to them. I really don’t have an understanding about which functions cause this and what I need to do to correct it.

What is the best way to proceed now? I am really fascinated with this learning but need to think a bit about getting some order out of the chaos I’m feeling at the moment.

So back to the drawing board – I will overcome this maze of confusion!

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