Category: T1i

Buy a cable release for your camera

By , July 17, 2013 12:20 am

When you have your camera on a tripod remember to turn off the image stabilization on your lens.  This will give you a sharper picture. Photographers use tripods to reduce camera movement when taking pictures. A cable release will also further insure that there is no camera movement.

I have had good luck photographing birds on my back porch using a tripod and a cable release. I purchased the Canon Remote Switch RS60 E3 and the Steren 2.5mm Stereo Audio Extension Cable – Sub-mini phone Male Stereo – Sub-mini phone Female Stereo – 12ft. You can purchase two of the cables and you can photograph right from inside your home while the birds are enjoying the food you have put out for them.  Below are some sample pictures I have managed to get using this technique.

tufted titmouse cardinal wings

blue jay

Next steps on this learning journey

By , January 5, 2011 8:56 pm

I have been away from this blog for several months. I have been taking this learning about photography, specifically with the Canon T1i camera, a step at a time. I have been busy taking pictures each day of 2010. I completed my goal of achieving 365 shots for 2010. Here’s a sampling of some of my photos:

Here is my link to my Flickr Set for the entire year- 365 pictures! They say the best way to learn your camera is to use it. I agree and feel that I got proficient, in particular, in using the Manual setting. I got better at composition filling the frame, and noticing more details around me. I certainly am learning more about flowers and plants (was woefully ignorant). I’ve learned how “to press the shutter button” correctly. I know more about white balance, exposure, shutter speed, and many other things. I still have much more to study so I’m going to go back through some of the items I had previously read but maybe not always applied. I want to improve my skills. I need to internalize lots of  things and get a better grasp of specific concepts. Some days I became so preoccupied with getting my picture of the day that little time was left over to review things and expand my learning. This year I’ve joined an EdTech 52/2011 group. That’s one photo a week. I’m hoping I can review, refresh, and log my continued  learning  on this blog.

So that’s my next step to becoming a better photographer.  Perhaps it will even help another “new” learner. I’m looking forward to the learning journey!

Flickr Photo Credit

Composition

By , August 4, 2010 8:24 am

I have spent the last month just practicing taking photographs in an attempt to internalize some of the technical information I have been learning. It is helping but  lots more practice is still the order of the day.  I thought I’d post about “composition” of photographs and what I have been learning there. In the past I have managed to takes some good photographs but it just sort of happened – circumstances were right and background worked with the subject at hand, etc. but I never really thought about composing in the sense of thinking about the entire picture. Here are some things I’ve begun to focus on when composing:

Learning how to see the world though a lens was my first step. I didn’t realize how I would just instantly focus on the specific subject I was photographing. I didn’t give much thought to the background and how distractive it can be. I just wanted my subject in focus and looking good. You may get a great shot of your subject but background clutter can pull you eye away from the subject. Now I try  to scan the four corners of my picture through the lens. This habit will help me eliminate any clutter or distractions.  I’ve also learned to look at how the light is affecting the photo to be. It can take away the focus on the subject. So I try to remove the clutter, if possible and if that is not possible I use a shallow depth of field to blur the background.  This is something that I had no idea how to do. I plan to post more about depth of field later.

Here are some basic rules and things to think about  for composition that I have either read in my books or read on the web. You need to learn the rules and then be OK with breaking them in a way that enhances your own individual photography.

The rule of thirds
In your mind, divide  your image  into nine equal parts. The human eye is naturally drawn to a point about two-thirds up a page. Crop your photo so that the main subjects are located around one of the intersection points rather than in the middle of the image.  This will enhance your image by adding balance and interest to your photo. The T1i has the option to superimpose a grid on the LCD screen to help you even further with applying this rule. So remember not to put your subjects dead center in the photograph.
Flickr photo credit

Balancing your photograph
Place the main subject off-center to make a more engaging photo.  You don’t want the scene to  feel empty so think about including another object of lesser importance to fill the space.

Flickr photo credit


Leading Lines

When you view a photo your eye is naturally drawn along lines. The lines may be straight, curvy, wavy, diagonal, zigzag, etc. You need to place lines in your composition so it draws you into the picture, towards the subject, or on a journey ‘though’ the activity in the scene. There are many different types of line – straight, diagonal, curvy, zigzag, radial etc – and each can be used to enhance your photo’s composition.

Flickr photo credit

Symmetry and Patterns
There is  symmetry and patterns all around us, both natural and man-made, and they can make for very appealing compositions, particularly in situations where they are not expected. Another effective way to use them is to break the symmetry or pattern in some way, introducing tension and a focal point to the scene.

Flickr photo credit

Viewpoint
Consider where you will shoot your subject from before you actually begin to  take the photograph. Think about photographing from high above, down at ground level, from the side, from the back, from a long way away, from very close up, and so on.

Flickr photo credit

Background
Search for a plain and unobtrusive background and compose your shot so that it doesn’t distract or detract from the subject. Make sure there is nothing in the photo that may distort your subject in some way. You don’t want a tree right behind you subject as it may end up looking  like the tree is growing out of your subject’s head. When you are photographing you are turning a three-dimensional world into two dimensions. You are flattening everything the camera sees into one visual plane. So be careful not to include any objects that may be a problem.

Flickr Photo Credit

Create Depth
Create depth in a photo by including objects in the foreground, middle ground and background. Also you can use  composition technique called overlapping, where you deliberately partially obscure one object with another. This creates an image with more depth.
Flickr Photo Credit

Framing
There are many objects in nature that make perfect natural frames, such as trees, arches, and holes. By placing these around the edge of the composition you help to make the main subject stand out in a way that pulls your eye naturally to the main subject.
Flickr Photo Credit

Cropping
Watch out for clutter around you subject and crop tight to eliminate the background ‘noise’ to make sure the subject gets main attention.

Flickr Photo Credit

Zoom bursts

By , May 29, 2010 7:54 pm

This is a technique I learned in class and have been practicing. I know, I know, I need lots more practice! Also, you would not believe how many shots I took today trying to do this. You can do this with zoom lenses that have a manual zoom ring. The trick is to zoom the lens while the shutter is open with a slow shutter speed, usually below 1/60th of a second.

Here are the steps:
1. Focus on your subject.
2. Use a slower shutter speed in either Shutter Priority or Manual Shooting mode. Shutter speeds can range from 1/60 to 1/8.
3. Click the shutter release button and twist to zoom the lens simultaneously.

You can zoom from the shortest to the longest focal length or vice-versa. Using a tripod is suggested.

Now I have to figure out what subjects are best for this technique and just keep practicing. Any suggestions are welcomed!

My settings for the car shot:
Exposure Program: Shutter Priority
Shutter Speed: 1/10 sec
Aperture Value: f/36
ISO: 200
Focal Length : 55m

Panning

By , May 29, 2010 7:46 pm

I have been practicing panning in the current class that I am taking. I do need more practice but this is the first one I got that is kind of on track! I will get better – I’m determined! Here are the steps I attempted for “panning”:

1. Tried to keep my feet planted, my arms, wrist, and hands still and pivot at the hips. (glad there is no picture available of me!)
2. Used a shutter speed of 1/15. and worked in Shutter Priority mode.
3. Pre-focused on Genesis on her bicycle.
4. Used continuous shooting mode.

Having fun with silhouettes

By , May 29, 2010 7:39 pm

I’m having fun with silhouettes – gives you a chance to be creative! Here are the steps:

1. Make sure the subject is backlit. If you are using the sun, let a tree or something else block the sun’s direct light.
2. Use “spot” metering and meter off something other than the subject. I metered off the sky.
3. Choose a strong subject that is a recognizable shape that will be interesting to look at. It should be a definite shape.
3. Get as close as you can to your subject and frame your image so that the brightest light sets off the subject.
4. Make sure your flash is turned off.
5. Try different angles and if you have more than one shape, try to keep them separated.
6. Have fun!

Focusing

By , May 29, 2010 7:29 pm

Needless to say, one of the most important skills for a photographer to learn is how to focus correctly. You need to be sure you are focusing correctly on what you want to photograph and not something that is beside it, behind it, or in front of it. You need to set your autofocus to one of the main focal points on your camera. On the T1i there are 9 focal points.  You need to put your camera on something other than automatic to do this. I usually use the Manual mode. Then look through your viewfinder and hold down the Focus Point Selection button that is located on the camera back at the top right side. While you are holding down that button, use the rotating dial (on the camera top in from of the ISO button and this lets you move between the numerous focal points. Set one particular focal point as the default main focus and then come back and change this, as needed.

Tips for beginners

By , May 10, 2010 9:02 am


Photo credit

  1. There is a correct way to press the shutter button. After you frame the shot, press and hold the shutter button  halfway down. When focus is established, the camera will give a little beep.  The focus indicator is a little green light that indicates that the camera has locked focus. It is located on the far right side of the viewfinder screen. Then you press the shutter button the rest of the way down to record the image.
  2. Early morning and late afternoons (right before the sunrise) usually provide the best lighting so try to take your photographs at that time of day. For any time of day though make sure the sun is at your back as much as possible.
  3. You can adjust the viewfinder focus to suit your eyesight. Right at the top-right edge of the viewfinder is a tiny black knob called the dioptric adjustment control.  To do this first remove the lens cap from the front of the lens. Look through the viewfinder and you will see the focusing screen which contains a group of nine autofocus points. They are little squares with dots inside. Rotate the viewfinder adjustment knob until the autofocus points seem to be in focus. Don’t worry about the actual picture now; just pay attention to the sharpness of the autofocus points.
  4. A lot of the buttons on the T1i have multiple names because they serve multiple purposes. It all depends on if you are taking pictures, reviewing pictures, or doing some other function.
  5. You access many of your camera’s features through the internal menus that appear on the monitor when you press the Menu button. There are nine menus. Color has a purpose on these menus. Shooting Menus and the Movie Menu are red. Playback menus are blue. The “My Menu” icon is green.

Practice! Practice! Practice!

By , May 6, 2010 3:29 pm

Practice is the name of the game now. I think the best thing I can do to help my learning curve is to use my T1i and try to take specific shots. Practice! Practice! Practice! I need to play around with the different settings. I have taken a lot of photos but it’s been a kind of hit and miss approach as I would find myself out in the field and not remembering many of the things I’ve learned. There are so many things to remember that I never considered when I was pointing and clicking.   Staying away from the automatic settings has made me focus on settings and exposures and things are beginning to come together a bit more.  I’m still not getting the kind of shots I know this camera is capable of producing. But the best thing you can do with your SLR camera is to use it. Play around with the different settings. I plan to make a few more posts to help me remember some things and give some tips that may help others new to the T1i and other slr cameras.

Creative Zone shooting modes

By , May 4, 2010 12:34 pm

Program mode

The camera selects both the shutter speed and aperture. You choose ISO and white balance. This is a semiautomatic but shiftable mode. When you press your Shutter button halfway, the camera shows you its ideal exposure setting in the viewfinder. You have to remember that this is held for only one shot as it goes right back to the suggested exposure. Another thing is that you cannot shift the exposure if you are using the built-in flash. Use this mode when you want to quickly change the depth of field and shutter speed for one shot while experiencing minimum camera adjustments.

Tv mode (Shutter Priority)

In addition to ISO and WB you select shutter speed and the camera chooses the appropriate aperture. This mode is used when you want to control how motion comes across. A slower shutter speed will show motion as a blur. A faster shutter speed will freeze motion. This mode is also helpful when you want to make sure that the shutter speed is within the limits for handholding the camera and getting a sharp image.

Tips  that I want to remember: (credit to Charlotte K. Lowrie’s book “Canon EOS Rebel T1i/500D)

  • Use 1/250 second when action is coming toward the camera.
  • Use 1/500 to 1/2000 second when action is moving side to side or up and down.
  • Use 1/30 to 1/8 second when panning with the subject motion. Panning with the camera on a tripod is a really good idea.
  • Use 1 second and slower shutter speeds at dusk and at night to show a waterfall as a silky blur, to caputer light trails of moving vehicles, to capture a city skyline, and so on.

Av Mode (Aperture Priority)

You set ISO and WB as well as aperture (f-stop). The camera chooses the shutter speed. You use this mode when you need to control the depth of field (DOF). A larger aperture (smaller number) will give you a shallow DOF and is good for isolating points of interest like flowers/portraits. A wide aperture like f/5.6 will create a shallow depth of filed with a softly blurred background.  A smaller aperture (higher number) gives a greater DOF and is good for landscape photography. A narrow aperture such as f/8, f/11, f/16, and so on, gives an extensive depth of field that will keep both foreground and background in focus and sharper.

Tips I want to remember for Av: (credit to Charlotte K. Lowrie’s book “Canon EOS Rebel T1i/500D)

  • Since the only lense I have at this point is the Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS lens) , this  tip is specific to it. When you have the lens set to 55mm, the widest aperture you can choose is f/5.6, and you can’t choose f/3.5 at this zoom setting. This is called a variable-aperture lens.

M mode (Manual)

This mode allows the most creative control. First you determine the ISO and WB settings. Then, based on a meter reading, you set aperture and shutter speed in order to get the scene as you desire. You have to think about how motion and DOF will come across.

Panorama Theme by Themocracy

Videos, Slideshows and Podcasts by Cincopa Wordpress Plugin